THE THEOCONS AND MARITAIN IN AMERICA

Abstract:

European friends and allies of the United States have been puzzled and angered by the resolute unilateralism of the administration of the world’s sole superpower. At the same time, European friends of Jacques Maritain at the Institut International in Rome and at the Centre d’Etudes Jacques et Raïssa Maritain in Kolbsheim, France are puzzled by what seems to be an unwelcome change in the attitude of a number of conservative American Catholic scholars toward Jacques Maritain. The Neo-conservative block needs the votes of the religious Right to stay in power and so, assiduously courts the favor of both Catholic and Protestant fundamentalists by fostering polarization, especially through “single issue” politics.

The Bush administration’s adamant refusal to participate in the International Court for Human Rights at the Hague, its rejection of the Kyoto Accord on global warming, its exclusive and blind support of Israel against Palestine, its denigration and arrogant bypassing of the United Nations, its denial of the principle of pacta sunt servanda by invading Iraq, in violation of the UN statute it had approved and signed (article 51), its enormous buildup of arms, etc.—all of this has proved most alarming to America’s allies in Europe and the rest of the world. However, all these elements of the present White House administration’s policy were established even before its members were elected or appointed to their present positions of power. In 1997 a group of Neo-conservatives met to draw up the Project for a New American Century (PNAC). This 90-page document, outlining a new strategy for American military and foreign policy, was designed to establish a Pax Americana for the 21st century. On June 3, 1997, the PNAC issued a “Statement of Principles” on its web site (http:/www.newamericancentury.org/statementofprinciples.htm), pointing out that, in the aftermath of the Cold War, since “the United States stands as the world’s preeminent power”, the aim of the PNAC was “to make the case and rally support for American global leadership. This statement of principles lists four consequences that flow from the responsibilities of the world’s sole super-power “to shape a new century favorable to American principles and interests…

Autore / Curatore: DOERING Bernard
Anno: 2005
Numero: 1
Pagine: 61-71